Are you a business owner? Or someone in the management? You must then have a working fire alarm system to protect your customers and your employees. You must abide by the codes of NFPA of system requirements. The important thing is that your employees should understand the basic signals of the system and what to do if a fire alarm goes off.
A fire alarm is designed to alert all the occupants if a fire occurs. It will also notify the nearest fire department. Many of your employees and visitors may not know how to exit the building if a system alarm goes off. Read more to know more.
Initiating devices with your Fire Alarm Systems
Initiating devices activates your fire systems. Turning it on can happen automatically or manually, through heat detectors, smoke detectors, or manual pull stations.
A fire alarm pull station is usually seen in commercial buildings. This is known as a manual initiating device.
The one where fire sprinklers systems can activate your system a water flow device is known as an automatic initiating device.
Once the fire-alarm is initiated, notifications will follow shortly after.
Types of Fire Alarm System Notification Appliances
Once the fire alarm goes off, it will notify your building occupants about the possible fire hazard emergency. Mentioned below are the headers of how they will be informed:
- Visual signals: by the strobe of lights or visual message notification.
- Audible alerts: Sirens, Horns, Speakers, and Bells.
- Voice Evacuation: Installed loudspeaker which transmits a pre-recorded message or a live message.
NFPA has a set of codes for such situations. They also specify the audible and visual requirements for the notification appliances that can be seen and heard by the occupants. Voice evacuations can be customized as per needs, but the main goal is to direct anyone and everyone from the building to a safe distance where they can be safe and to direct them to the buildings’ closest and safest emergency exits.
Frequent fire drills will definitely help all the employees to understand and act when a fire accident occurs. Fire protection professionals can offer tips on how to run proper fire drills!
Be Aware of Any False Alarm
Frequent false alarms damage the Trust of the occupants. They eventually start to ignore alarms which is harmful when there is an actual fire accident. Building owners can stop these false alarms by considering the following things:
- Making sure that the firefighting systems, the alarms have been designed and installed by a competent, professional company.
- Keeping the smoke detectors free of dust or debris.
- Installing protective covers for pull stations.
- Engaging a trustworthy and reliable fire protection company to regularly test and inspect the fire systems
Make sure that all the occupants especially the employees are familiar with the use of fire extinguishers, firefighting equipment.
Know when to use the fire extinguishers.
If anyone is to hear the alarm, it is their duty to inform others and move out of the building when there is time.
Make sure all the exits are free from obstacles when makes it easier to move quickly.
Display the “YOU ARE HERE” chart at every level of your building so that the occupants can find their way to the exits.
While using the fire extinguisher cylinder remember the steps that you to put down a fire:
And while using a fire extinguisher ball – No there are no steps; just throw the ball in fire.
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