Hospitals – fire safety and precautions

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A fire outbreak has become a new normal to all of us, just like we used to say for wearing masks in this pandemic. Fire safety has taken a toll as we are getting smarter!


Safety should always be the first priority. Be it in case of fire or the current scenario. Before coming to our topic, I hope all of you are taking proper care of yourselves. Wash your hands, sanitize everything that you bring inside your house, stay home, if you’re going out – please maintain social distance.

Things are going from worse to worst – it’s we who should be sane enough to stop the spread. I hope you all are well and taking care.

Coming to our topic, it’s been quite a routine now. We listen to fire outbreak news almost every week now. And we only care if someone who we know is out up in that locality. But don’t you think taking precautions is the least that we all can do? The fire extinguisher is something we all can buy.

For fire safety associate degreed protection in a hospital, an intelligent building style is required to cater to various potential emergency things to avoid any incidence of the same kind. The main motive of the fire safety style of buildings ought to be an assurance of life safety, property protection, and continuity of operations or functioning. The designer should acknowledge the kind of danger exhibited by every element and incorporate effective counter-measures in the hospital. Fire Protection Engineering has created substantial strides in its skilled development and everyone ought to be enforced.

Many old hospitals, especially government hospitals, don’t have fire safety equipment like sprinklers. Even the roads within massive hospitals, that ought to be six metres wide, are blocked with pose vehicles. If a fire breaks out, the firefighters cannot even enter. So norms & codes for building style & fire safety ought to be followed not just for high-rise hospital buildings but also for little started or nursing homes properly. Fire Codes method could be a complicated method that integrates several skills, merchandise, and techniques into its system. It’s been ascertained that an enormous hurdle within the means of economical fire safety measures is that the blocked way space in most personal hospitals across Bharat. The way is sometimes blocked by secured glass doors, meant to limit the entry of a patient’s relatives or alternative unwanted people; rather than giving priority to safety. This might be resolved by keeping the watchman to stay outsider trapped and deed the way open for emergencies.

hospital on fire
Hospital engineering service provision for fire Protection in step with NABH:

1. Fire fighting installation approval should be obtained
2. Location of the room ought to be simply accessible.
3. Panel & manned, PA instrumentation ought to be connected with detection system or fire device.
4. Pumps and pumping station
5. Two separate pumps i.e: Electric and diesel pump should to be obtainable
6. Provision of Forced ventilation should to be there.
7. Arrangement of filling fire tenders
8. 4-way fire inlet must be present in case of emergency
9. Correct access for a fire tender to fireplace tanks
10. Exercise ought to be performed
11. Yard Hydrants should be easily obtainable
12. Ring main and yard hydrants ought to be as per strategic locations.
13. Two means fire heads to charge the ring main
14. Landing Hydrant & Hose reels
15. Wet riser system should be put in
16. Aid fire fighting appliances should be in operating conditions
17. Aid instrumentation cupboards
18. Provision of Escape routes – escape step
19. Sprinklers system – basement & bldg. Higher than fifteen M tall
20. Automatic Smoke detectors/heat detectors
21. Provision of fireside device & fire extinguishers

Regulations as per National code 2005 :

1. All high-rise buildings need to get NOC as per the zoning regulations of their jurisdiction concerned.
2. A road that abuts a high rise should be more than 12 meters wide, to facilitate free movement of Fire Services vehicles, especially the Hydraulic Platform and Turn Table Ladder.
3.Entrance width and clearance should not be less than 6 meters or 5 meters, respectively.
4. At least 40 percent of the occupants should be trained in conducting proper evacuation, operation of systems and equipment, and other fire safety provisions in the building, apart from having a designated fire officer at the helm.
5. The buildings should have open spaces, as per the Zonal Regulations.
6. Minimum of two staircases with one of them on the external walls of the building. They should be enclosed with smoke-stop-swing doors of two-hour fire resistance on the exit to the lobby.

General Recommendations:
1. Hospitals of high-rise buildings are found to be utilizing the cellars for generators and transformers, which is strictly prohibited.
2. Canteens, OP blocks, dormitories, and pathological labs aren’t allowed in cellars.
3. Regular refresher coaching courses for the fireplace brigade personnel.
4. Recommendation for making Rural fire Services in areas that aren’t at this time below any full-time fire Service cowl.
5. Augmentation of Municipal Hydrant System.
6. Adoption of best practices from alternative town codes like Mumbai Delhi and Hyderabad by the government for fire safety.
7. Instructive position of corporate executive and fire Protection advisor in approval procedures.
8. Recommendation for an institution of Disaster room for cities.
9. A passing relevance NBC rules like provision of fireside doors, fire separating walls, fire exit & fire lifts shouldn’t be overlooked.

Fire safety Measures have four Parameters specifically suggests that of access through approach roads, open areas, suggests that of escapes like external Staircases & fire fighting instrumentality. So provision of these is critical for the safety purpose of reading among hospital premises. An efficient fire program requires AN understanding of the hospital fire arrangement & the active participation of each worker in the least times. Additionally, a minimum of one well-trained fire officer ought to be elective at each hospital. There’s no higher protection against fire than constant vigil to observe fire hazards, prompt action to eliminate in safe conditions & a high degree of preparation to fight the fire.

Everyone ought to keep in mind that each massive fire starts from a tiny one thus nothing should be thought of insignificant among hospital premises. Some hospitals lack trained workers to handle such emergencies thus frequent mock likewise as evacuation drills should be taken.

Panic & confusion are the greatest hazards of fire & they’ll be countered solely by decent preparation that should be avoided by hospital workers just in case of a fire emergency. Sturdy actions like putting on a board of ‘Fire Unsafe Building’ ahead of hospitals, that didn’t initiate fire safety measures like local department (Hyderabad) should be enforced in alternative cities & states.

The best and easiest way of protection from fire is its Precaution.

fire safety