Security Risk Assessment – What is SRA and how do you complete it?

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Hello there reader, hope you’re doing well amidst this pandemic season. In the last blog, we read about the basics of fire alarm systems. Today we will understand what is Security Risk Assessment (SRA) is and how can one achieve it.

Are you the one who is in charge of the security of people inside the premises? And you understand the importance of security? If yes, and even if it is no, it is our responsibility to look out for potential risks and implement or ask the authority to implement security measures to protect people and the property.

One of the many ways to look out for potential threats is to conduct a security risk assessment (SRA) – and that is what we will be reading in this blog.

So, what is a Security Risk Assessment?

A Security Risk Assessment is performed to look out for any potential fire hazards & make a plan or an idea to deal with them; to stop a fire from starting, or minimize the risks to the people or property.

The SRA is usually carried out to understand what to do when there is a fire outbreak, which equipment should be placed to fight a fire; and what kind of training is important to ensure the occupants are safe and sound.

How to Conduct a Security Risk Assessment for Fire in Your Facility

To conduct a security risk assessment, one should identify the most important risks to safety and then take steps to mitigate those risks.

Step 1: Identifying Fire Hazards


Examine your facility closely for potential sources of ignition, fuel, and oxygen that would start a fireplace and cause it to spread rapidly. Identifying which classes of fireside your facility is most vulnerable to can assist you to determine which extinguisher will work best for you.

Step 2: Identifying who all can be at Risk

who all?

Consider the folks that move throughout your facility on a day today. Are there any that might require special accommodations in an emergency or evacuation? Identify risks that pertain to vulnerable people like children, the elderly, the disabled, or the ill.

Step 3: Eliminating or controlling risks where possible

eliminate 'em or control

Once you’ve identified the potential risks, evaluate the likelihood of a fireplace occurring and therefore the steps that might bring people to safety. Are there fire hazards that might prevent a secure exit, trap or detain fleeing individuals, or deter people from responding appropriately? Take steps to get rid of or reduce all hazards that you simply note in your evaluation.

Also, consider what tools you would like to stop, detect, and fight fires.
This will likely include:

  • Alarm systems
  • Fire suppression or sprinkler systems
  • Fire extinguishers
  • Evacuation plan
  • Escape routes
  • Signs and indicators

Don’t forget that proper training and proper maintenance of your fire preparedness equipment also are essential tools. If your equipment isn’t kept in optimal condition, it’s not useful, and when there’s an emergency, seconds are precious.

Maintain all the equipment by upgrading your fire alarm, checking smoke detector sensitivity, replacing expired fire extinguishers, and weather-proofing your fire suppression system.

When training, all the staff should skill to activate the hearth alarm, the way to use a fireplace extinguisher; and the way to assist others to follow the response plan and evacuate to safety.

Step 4: Record & review your security risk assessment

record & review

When your security risk assessment is complete, keep careful records of the hazards you noted and what you probably did to resolve or reduce them. Commit to revisiting the assessment regularly to make sure your facility is up-to-date with local fire codes and provides a secure environment for occupants of the building.

That’s all for now!

If you guys are planning to complete the risk assessment for your premises; and are not sure where to start or what to do; it is always better to contact the local fire department for tips and help.

See you in the next blog!

Hope you guys are taking all the necessary precautions and keeping yourself safe from the virus!

Live Long, Live Free!